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When you intend to say namaaz, first clean your body of hadath-e-akbar,
asghar and from all visible uncleanliness. Put on neat clothes and
stand at a clean place facing towards the Qiblah. When you stand up, your
feet should be apart about the width of four fingers put together.
Then say the niyyah of the prayer you want to say. For instance, “I
intend to pray two rak’aat fard of Fajr for
Allah, facing the Ka’bah.” It is better to say this to oneself as
well as having it in his mind.
Then raise your both hands up to the lobes of your ears. Your palms should
face the Qiblah and thumbs should be near the ear-lobes. Fingers should
be open and separate from each other.
Then say “Allaahu akbar” and fold hands below the navel. The right
palm should be on the back of the left palm. Hold round the wrist bones by your
thumb and little finger; the rest of the three fingers should be stretched on
the wrist. Keep your eyes fixed at the place of sajdah.
Recite thanaa slowly, then recite ta’awwudh and
tasmiyah. Then recite Surah Faatihah. Say “Aameen”
in a low voice when you finish it. Then follow it by another surah or one
big aayah or three small aayaat. (But if you are saying namaaz
behind the imaam, stand silently after saying thanaa. Do
not recite ta’awwudh, tasmiyah, Surah Faatihah or
any other surah.) Read the Qira’ah clearly, properly and do not
Then, saying “Allaahu akbar” go into rukuu’. As you bow
into rukuu’ hold the knees with your fingers, keeping them apart.
Straighten your back so much that if a cup of water is placed on it, it does not
tilt. Hold your head at the level of the back, neither lower nor higher. The
hands should be away from the ribs and ankles should not be bent. In this
posture say tasbeeh of rukuu’ three or five times. Then
stand up erect saying tasmi’ah and tahmeed. (Imaam
says tasmi’ah; muqtadi says tahmeed only
and munfarid should say both tasmi’ah and tahmeed.)
Now go into sajdah saying takbeer. First put your knees on the
ground, then hands, then nose, then forehead. The face should be between both
the hands and the thumbs should be near the ears. Put the fingers of both the
hands together so that the tips of the fingers face the Qiblah. The
elbows should be away from the ribs and abdomen and from the thighs. (that is
for men, women should keep their arms close to the body.) Do not lay the elbows
on the ground.
Say the tasbeeh of sajdah three or five times. Then get
up, saying the takbeer, first raising the forehead, then the nose and
finally the hands.
Sit up straight, then do the second sajdah after takbeer. Then
stand up again saying takbeer.
As you rise to stand up, first raise your forehead, then the nose, then the
hands and then the knees. Stand up straight and fold the hands on the belly
Recite Bismillaah, Surah Faatihah and another surah.
(Stand silently if you are following an imaam.) Then go to do rukuu’,
qawmah, sajdah, jalsah and sajdah for the second
After the second sajdah in the second rak’ah lay down the
left foot sideways and sit on it. Keep the right foot vertical. Rest your foot
in such a way that the toes face the Qiblah as you sit.
Put both the hands on the thighs and recite at-Tahiyyaat, and as you
come to “…ash-hadu a(n)l-laa ilaaha illallaahu” close your right
hand, make a circle with your right hand thumb and middle finger, raise the
first finger at “laa ilaaha” and drop it at “illallaah”.
Maintain the circle until the end of the prayer.
If it is a two rak’aat prayer, then after tashahhud read darood
shareef and du’aa. Then turn your head for salaam, first to
the right and then to the left. During the salaam, have niyyat for
the angels and fellow Muslims on the right and on the left. Have niyyat
of salaam for the imaam on the side of the imaam also. The imaam
should have niyyat of salaam for the followers as he turns his
head for the two salaams.
If the prayer is of three or four rak’aat do not recite darood
after tashahhud in the second rak’ah. Instead stand up saying takbeer
and complete the third and fourth rak’ah as described previously.
After the salaam, recitation of any of the following du’aas
O Allah! You are the bestower of peace, and from You comes peace. Blessed are
You, O Lord of Glory and Honor.
O Allah! Help me towards performing Your remembrance and towards showing
gratitude to You and towards the best worship.
There is no god except Allah, the One Who has no partners; For Him is the
dominion and for Him is all praise and He is able to do all things.
O Allah! There is no one who can hold back what You have given. And there is
no one who can give what You have held back. And no person’s wealth will save
him from Your punishment.
Last modified 02/14/03 10:49 AM