Part III: Waajibaat of Salaah
Q. What is meant by Waajibaat-e-Namaaz
A. Waajibaat are those
things that are necessary to complete the prayers. If one misses any of them
unknowingly, this mistake can be compensated for by doing Sajdah Sahw
(sajdah done for accidental mistakes). If one does not do Sajdah Sahw
or if one intentionally misses one of these things, it is waajib to say
the entire prayer all over again.
Q. How many waajibaat are
in a namaaz?
A. These are fourteen:
- Fixing the first two rak’aat of the fard salaah
- Reading Surah Faatihah in all the rak’aat of every prayer
(except in the third and fourth rak’aat of a fard
- To recite a Surah or a long aayah or three shorter aayaat
after Surah Faatihah in the first two rak’aat of fard
salaah and in all the rak’aat of waajib, sunnah
and nafl prayers.
- To read the Surah Faatihah before any other surah or aayah.
- To maintain the order of Qira’ah, rukuu’, sujood,
- Qawmah or standing up straight after rukuu’.
- Jalsah or sitting between the two sajdahs.
- Performing ta’deeli arkaan, that is rukuu’, sajdah,
etc. patiently and serenely.
- Qa’dah-e-Oolaa or sitting to the extent of saying Tashahhud
after two rak’aat in a prayer of three or four rak’aat.
- To read Tashahhud in both Qa’dahs.
- For the imaam to real Qira’ah aloud in Fajr, Maghrib,
‘Ishaa, Jumu’ah (Friday prayer), ‘Eid, and the Taraaweeh
prayers during Ramadaan. The imaam should say Zuhr
and ‘Asr in a low voice.
- To disperse after salaam of the prayer.
- To say takbeer for Qunoot in Witr prayers and to read
- To say the additional takbeeraat in the ‘Eid prayers.
The Sunnat in Salaah
Q. What is sunnat in
A. Things which have been proved
to be performed during prayer by the Prophet ()
but not so much stress has been laid upon them as is laid on things that are fard
and waajib: those things are called the sunnat. If anyone of these
things is missed unknowingly, it does not break the prayer nor is Sajdah Sahw
a waajib in such case. If these things are intentionally missed, then the
prayer is not invalidated nor is Sajdah Sahw necessary but it brings
condemnation to the one who does so.
Q. How many sunnats are
there is salaah?
A. There are 21 sunnats in
- To raise hands up to the ears before takbeer tahreemah.
- While raising hands for takbeer, to keep the fingers of both the
hands raised and facing towards the Qiblah.
- Not to bend the head while saying the takbeer.
- Saying takbeer tahreemah and other takbeers
aloud by the imaam.
- To fold the right hand on the left hand below the navel.
- Saying thanaa’.
- To recite ta’awwudh.
- To recite the complete bismillaah.
- To recite only Surah Faatihah in the third and fourth rak’aat
of a fard prayer.
- To say Aameen.
- To recite thanaa’, ta’awwudh, and “Aameen”
in a low voice.
- To recite as much Qira’ah as is the sunnah for each
- To say tasbeeh three times each in rukuu’ and sajdah.
- To keep the waist and head at the same level while holding the knees with
the fingers of both the hands in rukuu’.
- Saying by the imaam: “Sami’allaahu liman hamidahu”
in qawmah followed by “Rabbanaa lakal hamd” by the muqtadi.
The munfarid should say tasmi’ah and tahmeed
- While going into sajdah, to first put the knees, then the hands,
then the forehead on the ground.
- In Qa’dah or Jalsah, lying the left foot on the ground
horizontally and sitting upon it and putting the right foot vertically so
that its toes are towards Qiblah and putting both the hands on
- To point out by the right hand’s index finger as one says “Ash-hadu
a(n)l-laa ilaaha” in tashahhud.
- To recite darood shareef in qa’dah-i-aakhirah after
- To read du’aa after darood shareef.
- To turn the face for salaam, first towards the right and then to
Mustahabbaat of Salaah
Q. How many things are mustahab
A. Five things are preferable in
|To pull the palms out of the sleeves while saying takbeer tahreemah.|
|Saying tasbeeh more than three times in rukuu’ and sajdah
by the munfarid.|
|To keep the eyes towards the place for sajdah while in Qiyaam;
to keep them towards the back of the feet in rukuu’; towards the
lap in qa’dah and jalsah; and at the shoulders while turning
the face for salaam.|
|To try best not to cough.|
|To keep the mouth shut in yawning, but if it is opened, to cover it by the
upper portion of the right hand in Qiyaam and by the left hand in all