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Part II: Water

Q.        What sorts of water are good for wuduu’ ?
A.            Wuduu’ and ghusul are allowed with rain water, well water, spring, sea or river water or the water of melting snow or hail and the water of a big tank or pond.

Q.        What sorts of water are not good for wuduu’?
A.        The water extracted from fruits and trees; water that has changed its color and taste and has become thick and dense because something, even taahir, was soaked in it; a small quantity of water in which some dirty things have fallen or some animal had died after falling into it; used water of wuduu’ or ghusul; polluted and dirty water; water left by haraam animals after drinking; and distilled water of rose or aniseed or of any other drug.

Q.        What is the water called by which wuduu’ or ghusul has been done?
A.        Such water is called musta’mal (used) water. This, in itself, is taahir but wuduu’ or ghusul by it is not allowed.

Q.        The water left after drinking by what animals becomes nijs (polluted)?
A.        Water from which dogs, pigs or any other hunting quadruped have drunk is not taahir. In the same way, the water which a cat drinks immediately after eating a mouse or any other such thing is also nijs. Water left by a person who has just taken wine is nijs too.

Q.        Water left by which animals is makrooh ?
A.        Water left by a cat (if it had not just eaten a mouse), lizard, wild hen, filth-eating cow or buffalo, crow, kite, hawk and eagle and all other haraam animals.

Q.        Water drunk by which animals is taahir ?
A.        Water left by human beings and that of halaal animals, cow, goat, pigeon, dove and horse is taahir.

Q.        Which water becomes nijs when najaasat falls into it?
A.        All waters, except two, become nijs if najaasat falls into them. The other two that remain taahir are:

¨      River water and

¨      Stored water of large quantity, like water in a big tank or big reservoir.

Q.        What will be called a “large quantity of stored water?”
A.        Stored or standing water, which covers an area of 17 x 17 feet and is deep enough that a man can take out water with his hands without scraping the bottom is considered a “large quantity of water.” Any tank or reservoir, as big as this, will be called a big tank or big reservoir.

Q.        Does the water of a big tank or reservoir also become nijs ?
A.        Yes, when the taste, color or smell of the najaasat becomes apparent.

Q.        What else makes water nijs ?
A.        If a living thing, other than those born in water such as fish, frogs, etc. and lizards and insects, falls and dies in the water, it makes the water nijs. For example, a bird, pigeon, cat or a mouse is drowned in a tank or pond – it will make the water nijs.

Q.        Which animals do not make the water nijs if they die in the water?
A.        Animals which live and are born in water like fish and frogs and animals which do not have flowing blood in their veins, e.g. flies, mosquitoes, wasps, lizards, ants – if they die in the water, do not make it nijs.


Well Water

Q.        What things make a well nijs ?
A.        A well becomes nijs if najaasat, ghaleeza or khafeefa falls down into it or an animal having flowing blood falls into it and dies there.

Q.        If an animal comes out alive after falling into the well, does the water remain taahir or does it become nijs ?
A.        The well becomes nijs if an animal whose drunk water is also nijs or an animal with dirt upon its body falls down in it. The water would not become nijs if such an animal, haraam or halaal falls down in the well whose drunk water is regarded as taahir, and at the time of falling down, it had no dirt upon its body and comes out alive. The water of the well will be taken to be taahir in case it becomes certain that it did not discharge urine or excreta while in the well.

Q.        What is the way of making a well taahir when it becomes nijs?
A.        There are five ways of making a well taahir:


When dirt falls into a well, taking out all water will make it taahir.


When a man, pig, dog, goat, two cats or any other animal as big or bigger than these dies after falling down into the well, all water must be taken out.


If an animal, having flowing blood in its veins, dies and bloats or has burst, the whole water should be taken out, whether the animal is big or small.


40 buckets full of water are to be taken out if a pigeon, hen, cat or any other animal as big as that dies after falling down but has not bloated.


If a mouse or a bird or any other animal of similar size falls down and dies, 20 buckets full of water are to be taken out.

    Note: It is mustahab (better) to pull out 30 instead of 20 and 60 instead of 40 buckets.

Q.        If a dead animal falls into the well, what is the rule for that?
A.        The same rule is applicable in the case of a dead animal falling as when dying after falling down. If a dead goat falls into the well, all water should be taken out; if a dead cat, 40 or 60 buckets should be taken out; if a dead mouse, then 20 or 30 buckets.

Q.        What if a bloated or burst animal falls down the well?
A.        All the water should be taken out as in the case of an animal which died after falling down and became bloated and burst.

Q.        What if a dead animal is found in the well and it is not known when exactly it fell in?
A.        The well should be treated as ghair taahir (unclean) from the time such an animal was found.

Q.        How big a bucket should be used?
A.        The bucket should be the same as is generally used on that well.

Q.        Should the water be taken out all at once or can it be done intermittently?
A.        Doing it at intervals is also allowed, e.g. if 60 buckets full of water are to be taken out, 20 buckets in the morning, 20 at noon and 20 in the afternoon can be taken out.

Q.        Should the rope by which the bucket has been pulled out be treated as nijs ?
A.        When the required quantity of water has been pulled out, the well, the bucket and the rope all become taahir.




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Last modified 02/14/03 10:49 AM