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Part II: The Day of Judgment

Q.        What is the Day of Judgment?
A.        The Day of Judgment, or Qiyaamah, is the day when all creatures will die and the whole universe will be destroyed. Mountains will fly like flakes of cotton, stars will break down. Everything will be shattered and destroyed.

Q.        How will all the creatures die on the Day of Judgment?
A.        Hazrat Israafeel () will blow the soor (trumpet). Its sound will be so dreadful and so strong that its shock will kill every living being and everything will be shattered and destroyed.

Q.        When will Qiyaamah come?
A.        Qiyaamah is to come. But none except Allah knows its exact time. Only this much is known, that it will be Friday and the date will be the 10th of Muharram. Our Prophet () has given some of the signs of Qiyaamah. Observing these signs, the nearness of Qiyaamah may be known.

Q.        What are those signs?
A.        Prophet Muhammad () has said that: When sins begin to increase in the world; people begin to disobey their parents and treat them harshly; begin to break trusts and abuse confidences; music and dance prevail in excess; new generations begin to abuse their ancestors; illiterate and people with little education become leaders; mean and ordinary people begin to construct high buildings; and the unworthy people begin to get high posts – it may be taken that the Qiyaamah is approaching near.



Q.        What is taqdeer (fate) ?
A.        In Allah’s knowledge, there is an estimate and appraisal for everything good and bad. Allah knew this about every creature before anything was created. This knowledge and the estimate of Allah is called taqdeer. Nothing, good or bad, is beyond Allah’s knowledge and estimate.


Life After Death

Q.        What is meant by life after death?
A.        Everything will be destroyed in Qiyaamah but when Hazrat Israafeel () will blow the soor for the second time, everything will come to life once again. Human beings will also come to life. All will assemble before Allah in Maidaan-e-Hashr (Field of Resurrection). There, an account of deeds will take place. The day on which this will be done is called Yau-mul-Hashr or the Day of Resurrection, Yau-mul-Jazaa and Yau-mid-Deen (Day of Recompense) or Yau-mul-Hisaab (Day of Reckoning).



Q.        Is a person entitled to be called a Muslim if he does not accept one or two things out of the seven things mentioned in the imaan mufassal?
A.        Not at all. Unless one believes fully in the Oneness of Allah, in the prophethood of all the prophets, in Allah’s Books and angels, in taqdeer (divine predestination) decreed by Allah, and Qiyaamah (Day of Judgment) and the Life after Death, he cannot be called a Muslim.

Q.        Prophet Muhammad () has named five things as the basis of Islam. But there is no mention of angels, Allah’s Books, Qiyaamah, taqdeer, etc. Why not?
A.        Among the five things there is mention of expressing imaan on Hazrat Muhammad () and when one believes in the Holy Prophet (), he has to accept everything that the Holy Prophet () has said. It will also be necessary to believe in Allah’s Book that was revealed to the Prophet Muhammad () and express one’s imaan in it. All these things are mentioned in imaan mufassal and are supported to be true by the Holy Quran and by the traditions (ahaadeeth) of the Holy Prophet ().

Q.        Will one remain a Muslim if one does believe in all these seven things heartily, and testifies to them orally but does not say salaah or give zakaah or keep fasts or perform the Hajj?
A.        Yes, he is a Muslim but he is sinful and disobedient to Allah. Such a person is called faasiq (sinner or impious person). These people will be punished for their sins but will be pardoned in the end.



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