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Part I: Adhaan

Q.        What is Adhaan (call for prayer) ?
A.        When the time for salaah comes, a man stands up before the prayer and calls aloud these words [1]( listen realaudio)  

Allaahu akbar – Allah is the Greatest (4 times)

Ash-hadu an-laa ilaaha il-lal-laah – I bear witness that there is no god except Allah (2 times)

Ash-hadu an-na Muhammadar-rasoolul-laah – I declare that Muhammad is Allah’s Messenger (2 times)

Hay-ya ‘alas-salaah – Come for salaah (2 times, turning the head to the right both times)

Hay-ya ‘alal-falaah – Come to success (2 times, turning the head to the left both times)

Allaahu akbar – Allah is the Greatest (2 times)

Laa ilaaha il-lal-laah – There is no god except Allah.

These words are called adhaan. In the adhaan of Fajr after Hay-ya ‘alal-falaah, say 2 times:

As­-salaatu khairum-minan-naum
– Prayer is better than sleep.


Q.        What is iqaamah or takbeer (magnification of the Lord) ?
A.        When people stand up for salaah, a person repeats the words of adhaan, this is called iqaamah or takbeer. The words of adhaan are repeated exactly the same in iqaamah but, after hay-ya ‘alal-falaah, one says 2 times:

Qad qaamatis-salaah
– The prayer is ready.

Q.        What name is given to the person who recites adhaan or takbeer?
A.        The person who recites adhaan is called mu-adh-dhin and the one who recites takbeer is called mukab-bir.


[1] In order to summon all the Muslims in the neighborhood to the salaah.


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