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Part III: Adhaan

Q.        What is the meaning of Adhaan?
A.        Adhaan literally means to call. In Sharee’ah, Adhaan means to call for the prayers in particular wordings. (The wordings for Adhaan have been dealt with in Part 1.)

Q.        Is Adhaan a fard or sunnah?
A.        It is sunnah, but as it reveals a special glory of Islam, much stress is laid on it.

Q.        For which prayers is Adhaan sunnah?
A.        Only for the five fard prayers and for the Friday prayers is Adhaan a sunnah and Adhaan is not required for any other prayer.

Q.        At what time should Adhaan be given?
A.        A little before every fard prayer, Adhaan should be given. If it was given before the actual time of the prayer then it must be given again when the correct time enters.

Q.        What is the mustahab method of delivering the Adhaan?
A.        There are seven mustahab things in Adhaan:

bulletTo face the Qiblah.
bulletNot to make haste in saying Adhaan and to say it slowly and clearly.
bulletTo put both index fingers in the ears.
bulletTo call Adhaan from a high place.
bulletTo say Adhaan in a loud voice.
bulletTo turn the face right when saying “Hayya ‘alas-salaah” and to the left when saying “Hayya ‘alal-falaah.
bulletTo say “A-salaatu khayrum-minan-nawm” two times after the “Hayya ‘alal-falaah” in the Adhaan for Fajr.

Q.        What is Iqaamah?
A.        Iqaamah is to repeat the wordings of Adhaan just before beginning the fard prayers. But in Iqaamah, the words “Qad qaamatis-salaah” are added, two times, after “Hayya ‘alal-falaah”.

Q.        How is it to say Iqaamah?
A.        Iqaamah is sunnah for fard prayers but for other prayers it is not required.

Q.        Are Adhaan and Iqaamah a sunnah for men and women both?
A.        No. They are sunnah only for men.

Q.        How is it to say Iqaamah and Adhaan without wuduu’?
A.        Saying Adhaan without wuduu’ is allowed but it is bad to make a habit of it. Iqaamah without wuduu’ is makrooh.

Q.        If one says his fard prayers at home, should he say Adhaan and Iqaamah also?
A.        Adhaan and Iqaamah in the neighboring masjid will be enough, but it is better to say them at home also.

Q.        Should a traveller say Adhaan and Iqaamah during his journey?
A.        Yes. Both Adhaan and Iqaamah should be said when one is at a lonely place. It will not matter if one says only Iqaamah and not Adhaan but it is makrooh to leave both of them.

Q.        Is it allowed if one person says Adhaan and another says Iqaamah?
A.        If one who said Adhaan is not present or if he is there and he does not mind it, then another person may say Iqaamah. If the person who said Adhaan minds it, then it is makrooh for any other person to say Iqaamah.

Q.        How much time should be allowed to pass to say Iqaamah after the Adhaan?
A.        In all prayers except Maghrib, one should wait after the Adhaan until the people who are eating or are in the bath finish up and can join the prayers. Then Iqaamah should be said. In Maghrib prayers, after giving Adhaan the Iqaamah should be said after the lapse of time equal to the reciting of three aayaat only.

Q.        What is the Ijaabat (answer) for Adhaan and Iqaamah and what is the ruling on that?
A.        Ijaabah for both Adhaan and Iqaamah is mustahab. Ijaabah means that the hearers should repeat the wordings as the Mu’adh-dhin or Mukabbir says. But after hearing the sentences “Hayya ‘alal…”, one should say:

There is no power and no strength, except with Allah.

 And in Fajr prayers, after hearing “as-salaatu khayrum minan-nawm” say:

You have spoken the truth and spoken well.

 After hearing “Qad qaamatis-salaah” during the takbeer (iqaamah) say:

May Allah establish it and keep it forever.

Q.        What prayer should be read after the completion of the Adhaan?
A.        After Adhaan this du’aa (supplication) should be said:

Oh Allah! Lord of this perfect call, and of the prayer to be offered presently. Grant to Muhammad the way of approach unto You, and also eminence, and raise him to the glorious position which You have promised him. And You do not go back on Your promise.



Oh Allah! Lord of this perfect call, and of the prayer to be offered presently. Grant to Muhammad the way of approach unto You, and also eminence and high position, and raise him to the glorious position which You have promised him, and give us his intercession on the Day of Judgment. And You do not go back on Your promise.

(Some phrases of this version, which is common, are not established in any ahadeeth.)


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