Part III: Prophethood
Q. As nobody knows the number
and the names of all the prophets, please give the names of some of the famous
Hazrat Aadam, Hazrat Sheeth, Hazrat Idrees, Hazrat Nuuh, Hazrat Ibraaheem, Hazrat Is-maa’eel, Hazrat Is-haaq, Hazrat Daawud, Hazrat Ya’quub, Hazrat Yuusuf, Hazrat Sulaymaan, Hazrat Muusa, Hazrat Luut and Hazrat Muhammad, the last of all the prophets- peace be upon all their souls.
Q. From which tribe of Arabia
did Hazrat Muhammad () come from?
Then, among the Quraish there was a clan called Bani Haashim which was more respected than the rest of the Quraish clans. The Prophet () belonged to this clan and thus was called Haashimi.
Q. Who was Haashim, whose clan
was called Haashimi?
Q. Was there a prophet among the
forefathers of Hazrat Muhammad ()
apart from Hazrat Adam ()?
Q. At what age did the Prophet ()
get the prophethood?
Q. What is meant by wahyi?
Q. How long did the Prophet ()
live after the first wahy came to him?
Q. Why did he go to Madinah?
Q. What did the people of Arabia
think of the character of Hazrat Muhammad ()
before and after his declaration as a prophet?
Q. What is the proof that the
Holy Prophet () is the last of all the
prophets and that no prophet will come after him?
Secondly, the Holy Prophet () has said:
Thirdly, Allah has said in the Holy Qur’aan:
It is proved by this that Allah perfected the religion through the Holy Prophet () and there is no need for sending more prophets after him.
Q. What is the proof that the
Holy Prophet () is the highest in the
rank of all the prophets?
It is clear that all prophets are also among the sons of Adam (peace be upon him). Thus, the Holy Prophet () is their head.
|The stick of Hazrat Moosa () turned into a python and swallowed all the snakes let loose on the Prophet by magicians. Allah gave Hazrat Moosa’s () hand such a light that it outshone the light of the sun. When Hazrat Moosa () crossed the River Nile, the water split up letting him and his followers cross over. But when the army of Fir’awn (Pharoah) tried to cross by the same pathway and reached the midway, the waters came back and the Fir’awn and his army were drowned.|
|Hazrat ‘Eesa () restored the dead to life on the orders of Allah. He could also restore the sight of those who were born blind, cure a leper and give life to birds made of mud and make them fly.|
|The Holy Qur’aan is the great mu’jiza of our Holy Prophet Muhammad (). More than 14 centuries have passed but in this period nobody has been able to write a matching Surah, even an aayah, although many people did try very hard. Nobody will be able to reach that standard up till Qiyaamah. Mi’raaj is another mu’jiza of our Holy Prophet (). Shaqqul-Qamar (the splitting of the moon) is the third important mu’jiza. This is also a mu’jiza that Hazrat Muhammad () predicted many things to come which have happened just as he said. One common mu’jiza was that food prepared for one or two persons sufficed for hundreds of men due to the blessings and the prayers of Hazrat Muhammad (). There are many more mu’jiza of the Prophet () which will be dealt with in other parts of Taleem-ul-Islam.|
Q. What is Mi’raaj?
A. One night, the Holy Prophet (), by the order of Allah, travelled from Makkah to Baitul-Muqaddas (in Jerusalem) and from there to the seven heavens and beyond, where Allah wanted him. The Holy Prophet () visited the Paradise and the Hell and returned to his place the same night. This is called the Israa and Mi’raaj (Ascension).
Q. What is Shaqqul-Qamar?
A. One night the kuffaar of Makkah asked our Holy Prophet () to show them some mu’jiza. The Holy Prophet () pointed his finger to the moon and it split into two. All those present saw that. Then the two pieces came together again, and the moon became as it was before. This is called the miracle of Shaqqul-Qamar.
Q. What is karaamat?
A. Sometimes Allah makes unusual things be done by devoted and pious men, to enhance their prestige. Such things cannot be done by ordinary people. These are called karaamat. Only the devoted and pious Awliyaa can perform karaamat.
Q. What is the difference
between karaamat and mu’jiza?
A. An unusual thing which is shown by a Nabiy or Prophet is called a mu’jiza, and the one who is pious and devoted to the Sharee’ah, if he does something uncommon or impossible it is called karaamat. If an unusual thing is shown by a kaafir or by one who goes against the Sharee’ah it is called Istidraaj.
Q. Is it necessary that a waliy
must perform some karaamat?
A. No. It is not necessary that some karaamat must appear through a waliy. It is possible that a waliy may never perform karaamat in his whole life.
Q. Faqeers who go against
the Sharee’ah sometimes do an unusual thing which others cannot
do- what is that called?
A. If one is against the Sharee’ah and performs an unusual thing, it is not karaamat but istidraaj or magic. To believe that such a person is a waliy or that what he does is karaamat is wrong and deceptive.