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Part III: Tawheed (The Oneness of Allah)

Q.        What is meant by tawheed?
A.        Heartily believing in the oneness of Allah and proclaiming it verbally is called tawheed.

Q.        How do human beings know that Allah is One?
A.        First of all, the human wisdom (if it is true wisdom) believes that Allah is One and Omnipresent. That is why the great, wise and learned men and philosophers believe in the oneness of God. Secondly, all the prophets unanimously taught tawheed to human beings and said that there was none like Allah.

Q.        Does the Noble Qur’aan teach tawheed?
A.        Yes, the Noble Qur’aan teaches tawheed in a most perfect and excellent way. The Noble Qur’aan is today the only Book which teaches the oneness of Allah. Though the previous heavenly books also taught tawheed, people made alterations in all those books and entered things against tawheed and have changed Allah’s bestowed Divine Law. To reform this and to preach the real tawheed Allah sent Hazrat Muhammad () and revealed to him His Book, the Noble Qur’aan.

Q.        Which aayaat (verses) of the Noble Qur’aan prove tawheed?
A.        The Noble Qur’aan is full of lessons of tawheed from beginning to end. For instance:

And your god is One god; There is no god except Him, the Beneficent, the Merciful.

(Surah 2, Aayat 163)


Another verse is:

Allah (Himself) is witness that there is no god except Him- And the angels and men of learning (too, are witness)- maintaining His creation in justice: There is no god except Him, the Almighty, the Wise.

(Surah 3, Aayat 18)



Say: He is Allah, the One.

(112: 1)


Q.        What is the personal name of Allah?
A.        “Allah.” This is called Ism dhaat or ism dhaati.

Q.        What are Allah’s other names, such as al-Khaaliq (The Creator), ar-Raaziq (The Provider), etc. called?
A.        These names of Allah are called Ism Sifaati.

Q.        What is meant by Ism Sifaati?
A.        Sifaati means qualitative. Allah has many qualities. For instance: Qaadim (Existing from eternity, to eternity), ‘Aalim (All-Knowing), Qaadir (All-Powerful), Hayy (Living), etc. Any name which tells of the qualities of Allah is a Sifaati name. To make it clear, here is an example. There is a man whose name is Jameel. This name has been given to him for identity but it does not show his quality. If he is learned and has learnt the Glorious Qur’aan by heart, he is called ‘aalim (learned) and haafiz (memorizer) also. These are his Sifaati names. Jameel is his personal name. His qualitative names are given to him because he is learned and he has learnt the Holy Qur’aan by heart. In the same way, Allah is a personal name and Khaaliq, Qaadir, ‘Aalim and Maalik are His qualitative names.

Q.        If Allah has only one personal name, “Allah,” then how many qualitative names has He?
A.        In the Holy Qur’aan, Allah says:

Allah’s are the fairest names. Invoke Him by them.

(7: 180)

One of the hadeeth says:

Doubtless Allah has 99 names: 100 less one.




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