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Part II: Teachings of Faith

Q.        How many “pillars” of Islam are there?
A.        There are five.

Q.        Name them.
A.        They are:


Hearty belief in the meaning of kalimah tayyibah or kalimah shahadah and to express this belief orally.


Saying namaaz (salaah).


Giving zakaah (alms to the poor).


Fasting during the month of Ramadan.


Performing the Hajj.

Q. What is the kalimah tayyibah and what does it mean?
A.        Kalimah tayyibah is:

Laa ilaa-ha il-lal-laa-hu muhammadur-rasoolul-laah
There is no god except Allah; Muhammad (peace be upon him) is His Messenger.

Q.        What is kalimah shahaadah and what is its meaning?
A.        Kalimah shahaadah is:

Ash-hadu an-laa ilaaha il-lal-laa-hu wa ash-hadu an-na Muhammadan ‘ab-duhoo wa rasooluh
I bear witness that there is no god except Allah and I bear witness that Muhammad (peace be upon him) is Allah’s worshipper and His Messenger.

Q.        Does a man or woman become Muslim if they recite the kalimah without understanding its meaning and intent?
A.        No. It is necessary to understand its meanings and believe in it and express this belief in words.

Q.        What do you call this belief and its oral expression?
A.        It is called “testification” or expression of imaan.

Q.        How does one receive the testification of a dumb man who cannot talk?
A.        Since it his natural inability to talk, his gestures would do. That is, he must express himself by pointing out that Allah is one and that Muhammad () is His prophet.

Q.        What are the articles of faith according to Islam?
A.        There are seven of them as mentioned in imaan mufassal :

aamantu bil-laahi wa ma-laa-i-katihi wa kutubihi wa rusulihi wal-yaumil-aakhiri wal-qadri khairihi wa shar-rihi minal-laahi ta’aalaa wal-ba’thi ba’dal-maut.
I believe in Allah, in His angels, in His books, in His messengers, in the Day of Judgement, and (I believe) that all good and evil is decreed by Allah, and in the life after death.



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