Brief Rulings for the Jumu'ah Khutbah

Hadrat Moulana Mufti Muhammad Shafi’ (RA)

The Jumu’ah Khutbah is a shart (condition) of the prayer. The Jumu’ah prayer is not complete without the khutbah. Furthermore, this condition can only be fulfilled by the performance of dhikrullaah (remembrance of Allah).

It is sunnah for the khutbah of the Jumu’ah and ‘Eidain to be in Arabic, and in opposition to this, to perform the khutbah in another language is a bid’at (innovation). [Sharh Muwatta by Shah Waliullah, Kitaab-ul-Adhkaar of an-Nawawi and Durr-e-Mukhtaar, Shuroot-as-Salaah, Sharh-ul-Ihyaa] Similarly, performing the khutbah in Arabic and then giving its translation in another language before the prayer is also bid’at and must be avoided. Of course, there is no harm in giving the translation after the prayer- rather this is a better way. There is also no harm if the translation is given after the khutbahs for ‘Eidain and it is even better to step away from the mimbar and give the translation, in order that a distinction is made. [As in Taqreedh-ar-Risaalah based on the hadith of Muslim]

It is sunnah to have wuduu’ while giving the khutbah. Not having wuduu’ while giving it is makruh. It is also sunnah to stand up while giving the khutbah- to sit down is makruh. [‘Alamgiri and al-Bahr] It is sunnah to face the people while giving the khutbah. Facing the Qiblah or any other direction while giving it is makruh. [‘Alamgiri and Bahr-ur-Raa`iq]

To say “A’oodhu billahi min ash-shaytaanir-rajeem” softly before starting the khutbah is sunnah. [On the saying of Abu Yusuf, likewise in al-Bahr]

Saying the khutbah in a loud voice so that the people can hear it is sunnah. Saying it softly is also makruh. [‘Alamgiri]

It is sunnah to give a moderately short khutbah and not make it too long. The limit that it should be kept to is the same time as it would take to read one of the Tiwaal-e-Mufassal surahs (any surah between al-Hujuraat and al-Burooj). Making it any longer is makruh. [Shami, ‘Alamgiri, Bahr]

It is sunnah that ten things be observed in the khutbah: